About RamanathapuramRamanathapuram, also known as Ramnad is an urban center and a municipality in Ramanathapuram district in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.
Fondly called as Mugavai (Mugavai can be translated as face since the region is the point of entry for Vaigai River) in the local language of Tamil, Ramanathapuram is the administrative central office of the Ramanathapuram district. Located approximately 544 km away from the southern metropolis of Chennai, Ramnad is the second largest town in Ramanathapuram district, in terms of population.
History of RamanathapuramRamanathapuram is a historic city that reminds of Lord Rama and Ramayanam (the great Hindu epic) to many. There are no historical documents found pertaining to the age of this urban center, but it is believed that Ramanathapuram is as old as several centuries. The region was under the might of Ervadi Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed during the late 12th and early 13th century. Subsequently, the region was dominated by the successors of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed till they constituted pacification with the Sethupathis.
The region was under various rulers from time to time before it fell into the hands of the British. The present day Ramanathapuram took shape from parts of Tirunelveli and Madurai territorial dominions, and J.F. Bryant I.C.S was appointed as the first collector. The British named the district as 'Ramnad' and the name remained after the Indian independence. Afterwards, the territorial dominion was named as Ramanathapuram.
Geography and Demography of RamanathapuramThe geographic coordinates of Ramanathapuram is 9.38°N 78.83°E. The urban center has a mean altitude of 7 feet above sea level. The total area of the city is entered as 1,501.79 sq mi (3,889.62 sq km). The time zone of Ramanathapuram is IST (UTC+5:30). The Mugavai city is bordered by the revenue block of Tiruppullani to the south, the taluk of Bogalur to the west, the taluk of Nainarkoil to the north and the panchayat town of Raja Singa Mangalam (also known as R. S. Mangalam) to the east.
The urban center has a tropical climatic condition. The temperature of Ramanathapuram averages 28.8 °C. About 835 mm of precipitation is recorded every year. The least amount of rainfall occurs in the month of June. The median rainfall in this month of June is 6 mm. With a mean of 237 mm, the wettest month of Ramanathapuram is November. The temperatures are most eminent on the average in the month of May, at approximately 31.1 °C. The month of January has the most modest mean temperature of the year. The temperature is recorded as 26.2 °C. The fluctuation in the rainfall between the hottest and wettest months in Ramanathapuram is 231 mm.
Rainfall in Ramanathapuram: The urban center primarily receives rainfall from the southwest and northeast monsoons (October to December and June to September)
The soil type present in Ramanathapuram is majorly alluvial grayish or pale brownish in color, and is of fine clay appropriate for agriculture.
Nearby Cities to Ramanathapuram:
- Dhanushkodi aka Danushkodi (the southeast tip of Pamban Island of the Tamil Nadu)
- Chettinad, the home of the Nattukottai Chettiars
- Tuticorin (Thoothukudi)
Population of Ramanathapuram: 61,440
Number of Males: 30,904
Number of Females: 30, 536
Scheduled Castes: Accounted for 4.89 % of the population
Scheduled Tribes: Accounted for 0.80 % of the population
Population of Children with age of 0-6: 6,370
Sex Ratio: 988 females for every 1,000 males
Child Sex Ratio: 963
Literacy Rate: 93.07 %
Male Literacy Rate: 96.28 %
Female Literacy Rate: 89.83 %
Total Number of Households: 14,716
Total Number of Workers: 20,375
Number of Cultivators: 115
Number of Marginal Cultivators: 20
Number of Main Agricultural Labourers: 178
Number of Marginal Agricultural Labourers: 30
Number of Workers in House Hold Industries: 262
Number of Marginal House Hold Industry Workers: 41
Other Workers: 18,773
Other Marginal Workers: 956
Administration in RamanathapuramRamanathapuram is a municipality city in territorial dominion of Ramanathapuram in Tamil Nadu. For the purpose of effective administration, the urban center is separated into 33 wards for which elections are conducted every 5 years.
Ramanathapuram is the home base of the Ramanathapuram district and a first grade municipality. Among the 33 electoral wards, 21 wards are under general category, 10 wards are under women’s quota and 2 wards for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The Ramanathapuram Municipality is administrated by a Municipal Commissioner assisted by Town Planning Inspector, Municipal Engineer, Manager, Finance Officer, Heath Officer and other staffs.
Some of the important utilities and services offered by the Ramanathapuram municipality include water supply, sewerage, drainage, street lighting, solid waste management, public conveniences and markets and so on.
Organizational Structure of Ramanathapuram Municipality
Elected councilors from the 33 administrative wards of Ramanathapuram elect the chairman or president as head of the Ramanathapuram municipal council. The administrative wing of the Ramanathapuram municipal council dedicates overall direction to the day to day routines through various set of commissions.
The executive wing of the Ramanathapuram municipal council is responsible for Municipal functions. The executive wing is led by a commissioner and is assisted principally by five department principals or heads.
Functional Departments of Ramanathapuram Municipality
- General Administration
- Engineering and Water Supply Department
- Accounts Department
- Public Health Department, and
- Town Planning Department
Tourism in Ramanathapuram
The primary tourist attraction in the city of Ramanathapuram is the Raja Palace. The historic Raja Palace is purely a symbol that reminds of onetime glory that fell apart over the course of time. The history of the region is seeming while the tourist visit the famous 17th century Ramnad Palace. A name board that is kept in front of the royal palace welcomes the visitors to the historic Ramalinga Vilasam. The palace constructed between the end of the 17th and early 18th centuries, has endured many violent storms - both nature’s rage as well as wars succeeded and thwarted in this region.
Ramanad Palace is the abode of the Sethupathy kings who governed the domain in the 17th century and were regarded the protectors of the Sethusamudram near Rameshwaram. The royal palace comprises of a private royal suite - the mansion where the present Sethupathy maharajah lives with his family. In addition, tourists can visit the temples and the durbar hall, which is converted as a museum and open for public these days. The magnificent durbar hall sends the visitors into the yesteryears. Painted in an achromatic color of maximum lightness, massive columns holding the lowest support structure rather solid, the durbar hall is a authentic depot of artilleries.
The Marathas, the Nayaks, and the British - the large collection of paintings hijack the visitors into a whole new world of assorted dynasties and accounts of their fragile friendships and conflicts. Every nook and corner of the royal palace is painted and the walls here portray the various art forms that were celebrated those bygone days. Empathizing the history and traditions of the illustrious Sethupathy Kings will be a memorable experience for the visitors.
The Ramanathapuram Raja Palace is a treasure chest not just for history lovers and archeologists, but even for a layman who will find himself absorbed by the marvels of age-old architecture and heritages. The incredible and prodigious fort complex can never be fully explored by a single visit, nevertheless for those who enter the palace; the celebrated ‘Ramalinga Vilasam’ extends itself in a magnificent manner.
Transportation in Ramanathapuram
Ramanathapuram is situated about 69.59 miles, south east of the temple town of Madurai on Madurai-Rameshwaram National Highway (NH-49) and a State Highway connecting Tiruchirappalli, Karaikudi, Madurai and Thoothukudi. Ramanathapuram has five major roads diversifying from the key area of the city to the nearby towns and cities viz. Rameshwaram, Paramakudi, Nainarkoil, Devipattanam and Keelakarai. The Madurai-Rameshwaram National Highway and State Highways, (Devipattnam Road) are well-kept by the Highways and Rural Works Department.
The town has two bus stands, they are:
- Old bus stand located at the eastern end of Ramanathapuram
- New bus stand located in the middle of the town
Nearest Airport to Ramanathapuram: Madurai Airport (IATA: IXM, ICAO: VOMD) - 125 km
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